Stagwell Inc. (STGW) Q1 2023 Earnings Call Transcript
Stagwell Inc. (NASDAQ:STGW) Q1 2023 Earnings Conference Call May 9, 2023 8:30 AM ET
Ben Allanson – Investor Relations
Mark Penn – Chairman and CEO
Frank Lanuto – Chief Financial Officer
Conference Call Participants
Laura Martin – Needham
Jeff Van Sinderen – B Riley
Steve Cahall – Wells Fargo
Mark Zgutowicz – Benchmark
Barton Crockett – Rosenblatt
Nick Zangler – Stephens
Good morning from Stagwell’s worldwide headquarters at One World Trade Center in New York City and welcome to Stagwell Inc.’s Earnings Webcast for the First Quarter of 2023. My name is Ben Allanson and I recently joined Stagwell to lead the Investor Relations function.
With me today are Mark Penn, Stagwell’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; and Frank Lanuto, Chief Financial Officer. Mark will provide a business update and Frank will share our financial review. After the prepared remarks, we will open the floor for Q&A. You are welcome to submit questions through the chat function.
Before we begin, I’d like to remind you that the following remarks include forward-looking statements and non-GAAP financial data. Forward-looking statements about the company, including those related to earnings guidance are subject to uncertainties and risk factors addressed in our earnings release, slide presentation and the company’s SEC filings.
Please refer to our website, stagwellglobal.com/investors, for an investor presentation and additional resources. This morning’s press release and slide deck provide definitions, explanations and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial data.
With that, I’d like to turn the call over to our Chairman and CEO, Mark Penn.
Thank you, Ben, and thank you to everyone for joining us for our earnings call. Today is an important day for Stagwell, its future and for its investors. I can announce that Stagwell Inc. has entered into a definitive agreement, negotiated by a group of independent directors, advised by legal and advisory teams to repurchase over 23 million shares of Stagwell Inc. class A stock from AlpInvest.
This move will not affect the float, but will reduce the number of shares outstanding by 8% to about 267 million and should avoid the necessity of any further secondary issuances in relation to exiting AlpInvest.
In addition, as per a separate release from the Stagwell Group, the remaining investors in Stagwell Media have stepped up and are in advanced negotiations expected to go to final documentation soon to redeem any remaining Stagwell Media LP interest held by AlpInvest. I believe these actions will remove an overhang from the stock.
Let me address Q1 earnings. These results are in line with management’s expectations for the quarter, especially when compared to Q1 2022, which featured an extraordinary 24% organic net revenue growth, far above the 14% average last year.
This means that performance that would be growth compared to the average of last year is overshadowed by 2022 Q1. This math will work in reverse in the last two quarters, which we expect to show double-digit growth.
Remember that Q1 2023 is at the bottom of the four-year political cycle, is a time of investment and building up our marketing cloud, is in the face of tech company slowdowns and is compared to our strongest previous quarter of growth.
We rang up $622 million of revenue and $522 million of net revenue this quarter. Revenue, ex-advocacy, increased by 1% after a 31.5% increase last year, and net revenue, ex-advocacy, increased by 1% after a 23.5% increase in Q1 2022.
As expected, advocacy revenue declined 42%. On a purely organic basis net revenue ex-advocacy declined 1% after a 23% increase last year. The two-year stack of 21% net organic growth is on target with our long-term growth targets.
While we do not give quarter-by-quarter guidance, we reaffirm our previously issued guidance for the year, an organic growth target of 7.5% to 10% for the year. Why do we have confidence in that given the headwinds previously noted of slowing tech companies and a slowing economy? Two important reasons. Growing new business wins and increased industry recognition of Stagwell and its great companies as at the forefront of modern marketing.
Net new business for Q1 is at $53 million in line with over $212 million of net new business over the last 12 months and consistent with continued client growth. After the close of the quarter, however, the company has racked up an additional $40 million of new wins in April alone as important pitches that were holding back in Q1 broke in our favor.
Notable wins during the quarter included T-Mobile at Code and Theory, Sleep Number at 72andSunny, Brooks Running at Assembly Global. Stagwell also expanded its public relations remit with U.S. Steel and won business with the National Restaurant Association.
The April wins included a major European cosmetic company for Assembly, an American fast casual restaurant chain for Creative Advertising and new assignments at Microsoft and Google which were good signs on the tech companies beginning to make a comeback.
The growing industry recognition for a company with less than 2% market share has been exceptional. Anomaly was previously named Adweek’s 2022 Agency of the Year and listed as one of the ten agencies on Ad Age’s most recent A-List.
This year, Gale, which grew 140% last year and is off to another strong start of 11% growth in 2023, was named Adweek Breakthrough Media Agency of the Year, number five on AdAge’s A-list and is running a path-breaking campaign now for MilkPEP based on the idea of Wood Milk.
And Doner Partner Network was named as Standout Agency of the Year on the AdAge list as well and just last week Allison+Partners was named the SABRE’s North American Agency of the Year.
We have top award winning brands in digital transformation, advertising, media and PR far above our market share, which is why we continue to have a strengthening pipeline that we expect to exceed 2022’s $1 billion in pitches by 20% or more.
We will watch closely two important segments of our business. The tech industry, which is 18% of our net revenue and grew 32% for us in 2022. It grew only 3% in Q1 as these companies went into slowdown mode, but we still managed some growth out of them.
We are seeing some lifting of the curtain there now as tech earnings were solid this quarter and generative AI is set to bring on a renewed competition in marketing and the tech industry with a new generation of products and experiences.
The second industry is finance and banking which is about 6% of our business and grew 10% in 2022. This industry declined 3% in the quarter. We had no Silicon Valley Bank exposure, but we did have First Republic Bank as a digital platform client, but we also had JPMorgan, their acquirer, as a major client. Our exposure here is limited.
We posted in excess of $72 million of EBITDA this quarter in line with our internal expectations. Comparisons to last year included a one-time $5 million rent credit, lower levels of investment in the marketing cloud and the addition of cloud-related companies such as Maru and Epicenter Data that carried revenue but are still scaling to generate EBITDA. We also faced some slowdowns in the tech clients and kept teams intact as these companies typically come back as they reorganize after cutbacks.
As clients are moving from capability to capability, however, we have taken out about $25 million in annualized comms savings that will hit in the second quarter and are taking out an additional $20 million that will hit in the third quarter and this ability to make such shifts gives us confidence to reaffirm our guidance on EBITDA for the year and return us to normal margins as business ramps up and political work begins in the second half of the year heading into the Presidential Election.
As noted previously, our central systems are coming online in midyear and that will enable us to kick off a planned next $35 million in central expense reductions based on the deployment of increased automation and AI across the company but especially in our media operations.
This quarter was uneventful in terms of debt and liquidity, as this is the time of the year that bonuses, taxes and earnouts are paid so that our position is consistent with previous years. We expect to be at about 2.25 times net leverage at the end of the year with normal M&A activities and including the 23 million shares stock buyback transaction.
During the quarter, we took several internal moves of significance. We combined our health companies into Concentric Life to give them greater scale and efficiency. We just added In the Company of Huskies in April a digital-first creative marketing company in Ireland which strengthens our European offerings.
And we combined several smaller but high powered agencies to relaunch Crispin Porter + Bogusky brand at scale under the leadership of Brad Simms and Maggie Malek with a wealth of talent. Crispin is already getting access to larger new pitches. Our strategic combination of digital, creative and media as represented by the Brand Performance Network, sets a new paradigm that is the key to disrupting competitors.
Importantly, we continue to ramp up our commitment and development of our tech products known collectively as the Stagwell Marketing Cloud group. Starting next quarter, we intend to break out the finances of the Cloud group, which involves two divisions, pure software plays that represent about $65 million of expected software net revenue growing over 30% this year and the advanced media platforms that are about $170 million in net revenue and growing at 12%.
We expect to invest up to $20 million this year in Cloud development as we build the media studio products that will provide us with full capabilities of the trade desk and more and we infuse that through our network and make it available externally later this year.
We will be fully deploying AI tools across all our agencies and believe it will over time significantly enhance efficiency. We will be ramping up the sales forces of three key products that are available right now around the augmented reality stadium experience already delighting fans at four major stadiums across three sports leagues.
The Harris Brand Terminal with over 120 clients growing 100% last year and an average subscription of $60,000 a year, and PRophet, a generative AI product that was recently honored with a prestigious PR industry award for its innovative software.
PRophet just announced its partnership with LexisNexis to expand its journalist and content database. I invite you to go to www.prprophet.ai. That’s www.prprophet.ai and sign up for the premium addition and try it out yourself. It represents the stack-run edge in our ability to use and deploy advanced high value state-of-the-art technology.
Lastly, let me note that we just announced Code and Theory’s partnership with Oracle to co-develop generative AI applications across verticals. This is the first of what will be many partnerships with major tech companies, recognizing that we have the scale and expertise to work together to establish new products and services for their clients in the consumer marketing space. This is a new direction for us and Code and Theory is taking the lead here.
In closing, we are really excited about the buyback transaction we announced this morning. We have simplified our shared ownership structure, eliminated some uncertainty and done so in a way that creates value. We will be relentless in working to get full value for our shareholders.
We have I believe the world’s most talented group of managers and professionals in 34 countries combining creativity and technology. Through pandemics, near-recessions, tech slowdowns, we never stand still at Stagwell. We are continually advancing in scale, growing with new clients, building new technology and moving onward in 2023.
Now I’d like to hand it over to Frank Lanuto our Chief Financial Officer to walk you through some of our financial results in more detail.
Thank you, Mark. Good morning, everyone. And thank you for joining us to discuss our first quarter results. As a reminder, if you would like to ask a question after the prepared remarks conclude, please feel free to submit them through the chat function.
I will start by reiterating Mark’s earlier comments, that results for the first quarter were in line with our budgeted expectations and consistent with our year-end remarks that the first half of 2023 would have lighter growth.
This is principally attributed to a shift in phasing of client spend and to a lesser extent the biannual cycle of our advocacy business and finally to our extraordinary growth in Q1 2022, which was uncharacteristic given our historically stronger second half performance.
This latter point is evidenced by the strength of our two-year organic net revenue stack of 21%. We expect a pickup in client spending in the remaining quarters of the year and I have already begun to see signs that this is happening.
With that, let me turn to the numbers. Starting with our reported results, our Q1 revenue was $622 million, a decline of 3% on the same period in the prior year. Net revenue, excluding pass-through costs, declined 0.9% year-over-year to $522 million. In organic terms, the decline was 3%.
Turning to results by principal capability. Digital Transformation organic net revenue declined 9%. This was principally attributed to the expected cyclical decline in our Advocacy business. Excluding Advocacy, the organic net revenue decline was 3%.
The remainder of the decline is largely attributed to the trends that Mark spoke about in his prepared remarks, namely, a holdback in spending as companies restructured their workforces. On a two-year basis our Digital Transformation capability has seen organic net revenue growth of 40% or approximately an annual growth rate of 20%.
Performance Media & Data saw a 5% growth in organic net revenue. This growth was driven by strong performance from our Ink and Assembly businesses. Again, looking at the two-year stack, Performance Media & Data has grown 23% or 11.5% on an annualized basis.
Consumer Insights & Strategy saw 1% growth in organic net revenue coming off an exceptionally strong 56% growth in the prior year.
And finally, our Creativity & Communications segment saw a 3% decline in organic net revenue in the quarter. But, once again, looking at the two-year stack growth was 6% or 3% annualized, which is consistent with our projections for this capability. As you can see, by reviewing the results over the two-year period, our growth rates remain strong and are higher than our primary competition.
Moving to costs, our operating expenses increased 3% year-over-year to $606 million in the first quarter.
Our compensation to revenue ratio came in at 67% in the quarter, an increase of 230 basis points versus the same period in the prior year. The increase in the compensation ratio is driven principally by the temporary softness in client spending we experienced in Q1. Our brands have already taken action to reduce compensation expenses to align with revenue.
We eliminated more than 300 roles in the first quarter, which will generate approximately $25 million in annualized savings. And as Mark highlighted, we will take further action this quarter, which should result in additional run rate savings of approximately another $20 million. We will continue to monitor performance over the remainder of the year and, if necessary, we will make further adjustments.
G&A expenses included increased by $15 million or 18% year-over-year. This was driven principally by the addition of eight post-Q1 acquisitions during 2022 representing approximately $6.2 million or 41% of the increase, higher T&E of $3.3 million or 22% of the increase, as business travel has returned to near pre-pandemic levels, and finally, the non-recurrence of approximately $5.1 million in favorable subletting arrangements of certain real estate properties representing 34% of the increase.
As a result, adjusted EBITDA came in at $72 million, ahead of our internal budget for the quarter. Net income attributable available, excuse me, available to common shareholders decreased to $443,000 from $12.7 million in the prior year, principally attributed to the decline in operating income that we discussed previously. And finally, earnings per share were negative $0.01 and adjusted EPS was positive $0.13 for the quarter.
Moving to the balance sheet deferred acquisition consideration obligations increased slightly by $4 million from year end to $166 million due to the higher performance of the businesses under earnout, but was lower year-over-year by $59 million or 26%, as the company remains on target to reduce DAC to less than $100 million by the end of 2023.
We also acquired 2.6 million shares during the quarter at an average price of $6.91 per share for approximately $18 million under our recently expanded stock repurchase program. As a result, we ended the quarter with cash of $139 million and drawings under our revolver of $150 million.
Our leverage was 2.63 times, as compared to 2.72 times a year ago. We remain on track to achieve our stated goal of bringing the leverage down to 2 times over the medium-term.
And finally, on May 4th, we exercised a provision in our revolving credit agreement and expanded the credit limit to $640 million from $500 million. We took this opportunity to raise our credit limit as it provides the company with additional borrowing capacity and flexibility to pursue our business goals.
The rate structure and primary covenants remain unchanged and we expect to utilize the revolving facility to fund the repurchase of more than 23 million shares for approximately $150 million from AlpInvest, upon closing the transaction, will be accretive to earnings per share.
And finally, moving to our guidance, we are reiterating our full-year guidance including organic net revenue growth of 7.5% to 10%, organic net revenue growth excluding Advocacy of 10% to 14%, adjusted EBITDA of $450 million to $490 million and adjusted earnings per share of $0.90 to $1.05.
That concludes our prepared remarks for this morning. I will now turn the call back over to Ben Allanson to open the Q&A portion of the call.
A – Ben Allanson
Thank you Frank. Just a reminder, if you have any questions, please submit them via the chat button at the top of the screen. We will start with a question from Laura Martin at Needham. Could you please share your view of how generative AI like ChatGPT will impact your business moving forward?
Well, I can say — I think you can see from the earnings report I gave that we view this as a major opportunity for us. We already have the tech companies as major clients. We have a significant engineering culture. We have released PRophet, which is a generative AI engine already in the marketplace.
We are combing through every possible application that we can, from helping creative, to helping analyze research and to apply these new tools as quickly as possible across our network. I believe that our ability to utilize it will be one of our differentiating features.
Great. And as a follow-up to that, Digital Transformation — this is also from Laura. Digital Transformation revenues were down 9% year-on-year in the first quarter of 2023 and this is your most profitable segment. Do you think of this as a blip or should we model this as a new run rate for the year?
I would see this as a blip. Number one, the 9% includes Advocacy. When you take Advocacy out, it was negative 3%. And as I reported throughout that, tech companies laid off a lot of people, usually then they have to reorganize who’s in charge of things and figure out which projects they are going forward with.
We see them beginning to unfreeze now. That’s why we decided to keep our teams, because of the importance of those kinds of teams and the difficulty of rehiring them. Right through this, we see it coming back, we believe that that was — that negative 3% was a blip that will undo itself in the later parts of the year.
Great. On a related note, a question from Jeff Van Sinderen at B Riley. As you look across your various business segments and niches within those segments, where are you seeing the most growth and what areas are you most optimistic about in the near-term? Also, what areas are you increasingly cautious about in the near-term?
Well, look, I really see that research always continues to surprise. Look, they had growth after 56% in the previous year, Harris Brand Terminal is really doing quite well. The greater uncertainty out there I think is very strong for research.
I think Digital Transformation showed something of a slowdown. I think that’s from here going to show significant growth as clients turn to that and as clients want generative AI and other new features applied.
I think the sweet spot of where we are seeing largescale new pitches is in our Brand Performance Network where we are combining Creativity with Media and I think that is really a standout area for us. I am always concerned about Creative on its own. That’s why our Creative companies are all getting the capability to link Creative and Media in the future.
That seems to always have been the — while of the most interesting and fascinating part of the industry in some ways, generally the smaller growers relative to that. But we believe that it’s the combination here at Stagwell that really that really provides the edge for us.
Related notes and continuing the new business trends, a question from Steve Cahall at Wells Fargo. As of today, what’s your net new business look like since you say you have added to the $212 million trailing 12 months industry, I think about $40 million I thought you referenced?
Well, I think we are $212 million in the last 12 months, we are $53 million in Q1. I don’t have the net number for April but that was — we had $40 million additional significant client departures that I really know of in April. The full calendar hasn’t come out. But this is the strongest April that we have ever had with $40 million of new business and that’s really what gives us confidence.
And we are going into Cannes which remember last year we got a lot of new business coming out of Cannes and we have also kind of even increased with something called Sport Beach our presence at Cannes this year to be a major player.
Turning a little bit to the Cloud. Obviously you announced that we are going to be breaking out different segments within Stagwell Marketing Cloud next year or next quarter. A question from Mark Zgutowicz at Benchmark. Could you explain a little bit some of the Cloud-related investments in the quarter and how should we think about the margin impact of incremental Stagwell Marketing Cloud revenue in 2023 and onwards?
Sure. I mean, I think that, we have made significant investments in putting together the Media Studio, applying generative AI, going to the next versions of PRophet. We are in the midst now of putting the Maru experience together with the Harris Brand Terminal into a unified Research offering. So we are making commitments and investments in that.
I believe that, as I pointed out, that we will spend up to about $20 million refining it. On some of the products now, we ready to go to market I think and expand the marketplace. Harris Brand Terminal, PRophet, Around and so there we are not investing in engineering, but we will be investing in sales forces.
I think that 2023 is going to be a year of investment. We expect significant revenue increases in 2024. Having said that, we still think there’s a 30% revenue increase within the Marketing Cloud software components themselves and double digits within the Advanced Media platforms. But I think you are really going to see the profitability out of that ramp up in 2024.
Great. And just a reminder to everyone, if you have any additional questions, please do put them into the chat function. We are just going to turn quickly to two questions from Barton Crockett from Rosenblatt. Can we — could you talk a little bit about your approach to guidance? Why didn’t you guide more specifically for the March quarter in addition to providing a full-year outlook? Could your approach change in the future?
I don’t think we want to get into the business of quarter-by-quarter guidance. In marketing, there’s just a lot of lumpiness in quarters, clients tend to shift things around considerably. We get there by the end of the year and I think trying to refine guidance to quarter-by-quarter is a risky proposition.
And I think we might have pointed out somewhat more the high comp in Q1 relative to the normal structure and I’d like to point out in general what I see is the — as the more normal structure for this year, particularly, as tech companies come back and political ramps up in the second half of the year.
Great. And another question from Barton and this is on the share repurchase news from AlpInvest. Can you just give us a sense of how many shares this could represent and how this fits within your broader share repurchase approach? Could you also address your own holdings Mark and any change there?
Well, it’s 23 million — 23.3 million shares reducing our share pool to 267 million. There are advanced negotiations in which Steve and I would take any remaining interest that AlpInvest has in the fund.
That would not change the share increase, and obviously in no way has my share decreased and any of the proceeds of the purchase today go to AlpInvest, and if anything, holdings stay the same or might after this process increase.
Great. And I think one final question, this from Nick Zangler over at Stephens. He says, encouraging progress with around landing. Yet another client in the Cleveland Cavaliers, multiple teams from multiple leagues now in partnership. Could you talk a little bit monetization on a team-by-team basis and the term at large?
Well, I think with all tech products first you have to have an experience, then you have to have an experience people like and enjoy and use time on and then you have to monetize. As I always say, first there was TV, then there was TV advertising and that’s the phase we are in now.
We have — I think the goal is to get about $500,000 in sponsorship revenue per stadium per season. We have started with the first sponsor or two, and again, as the technology’s established, as people see that 10% or 15% or more of the fans are spending…